The Harrier II is unique among American military aircraft as one of few to have been adapted from a foreign design. Historically the Harrier was developed in Britain to operate from ad-hoc facilities such as car parks or forest clearings, avoiding the need for large air bases vulnerable to tactical nuclear weapons. The front cockpit is virtually identical to the single-seat Sea Harrier, as this was the Sea Harrier trainer. The cockpits are pristine. The Harrier II is unique among American military aircraft as one of few to have been adapted from a foreign design. How and why was the first jump jet designed/engineered? Three squadrons, totaling 60 aircraft, and one six-aircraft detachment operated ashore from an expeditionary airfield, while one squadron of 20 aircraft operated from a sea platform. The Harrier, informally referred to as the Harrier Jump Jet, is a family of jet-powered attack aircraft capable of vertical/short takeoff and landing operations (V/STOL). The AV-8B's origin traces back to the British Hawker Siddeley Harrier… In Falklands, the RAF Harriers operated on carrier because the RN Sea Harrier were too valuable to perform ground attack. ... (Aeronautics) a British subsonic multipurpose military jet plane capable of vertical takeoff and landing by means of vectoring the engine thrust. The Harrier and VSTOL is the focus of this episode. The Harrier, informally referred to as the Jump Jet, is a family of military jet aircraft capable of vertical/short takeoff and landing (V/STOL) operations. One that harries. Named after a bird of prey, it was originally developed by British manufacturer Hawker Siddeley in the 1960s. For a jet fighter like the Harrier or the F-35, the normal landing technique on an aircraft carrier is to fly over the designated spot, hover and gently set down. harrier synonyms, harrier pronunciation, harrier translation, English dictionary definition of harrier. The original Harrier had no radar or missile and was designed for ground attack. After the success of the Harrier Jump Jet, Sea Harrier was the naval version for the Royal Navy. The Harrier Jet is not yet visible, but the observer senses the presence of a mighty plane as the extreme winds generated by its flight create a paper maelstrom in a classroom devoted to an otherwise dull physics lesson. The Harrier II is unique among American military aircraft as one of few to have been adapted from a foreign design. Finally, the Harrier Jet swings into view and lands by the side of the school building, next to a bicycle rack. The AV-8B's origin traces back to the British Hawker Siddeley Harrier… But, as Andy explained, this reduces the amount of what he described as "Bernoulli lift" generated by the aircraft's wings. It has a bigger nose to house the Blue Fox radar and fires AIM-9 missiles. 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